Dangers of Salt, Sugar and Fat

Consumption of foods high in salt, sugar, and fat in the long-term health hazard. Familiarize young healthy diet can reduce the risk from diseases such as high blood pressure, heart problems, and kidney disorders.
Professor of Medicine, Renal-Hypertension Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia-dr Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Suhardjono said, to live healthy, the body needs essential nutrients such as carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, as well as additional nutrients such as vitamins and minerals.
“These nutrients must be consumed all, there should not be abandoned. However, when excessive consumption of carbohydrates and fats, can lead to obesity which invites various diseases, “he said.
Obesity, said Suhardjono, potentially leading to high blood pressure, insulin disorders, and inflammation. Factors that in the long term potentially damage the kidneys.
Currently, cases of kidney failure continues to increase and the impact increases the risk of cardiovascular disease aka heart and vascular disorders. Renal failure patient deaths from heart disease and high blood vessel. Based on data from the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2000, 56 million deaths in the world each year due to kidney disease.
A healthy diet
To suppress the occurrence of risk factors for renal damage, Suhardjono suggest a healthy diet. That is, eating more servings of water, vegetables, and fruits suitable food pyramid. “Fatty foods, greasy, and sweet are the highest end of the pyramid so that smaller portions,” he said.
Healthy eating should be applied early. “In infants up to the age of four years, the fat cells are still needed to grow and thrive. But after that, the cells no longer grow, it will grow. If you eat too much fat, even obese obesity could happen, “said Suhardjono.
Specialist heart and blood vessel diseases from the Hospital Cardiovascular Harapan Kita, Santoso Karo Karo, say, a balanced diet is needed to keep the heart healthy condition. Excessive salt intake can increase the risk of high blood pressure. In the end, it makes the heart work harder.
Santoso said, a healthy diet should minimize the intake of salt, sugar, and fat. Instead, rich in fiber such as vegetables, fruits, and grains.
“Calories from sugar should not be more than 10 percent of total daily needs for a variety of sugar sources. Salt is no more than 6 grams. Fat ranged 5-10 percent of the food we eat, “he said.
In Indonesia, low-salt diet is difficult to implement because many pickled food. People are also generally more concerned with carbohydrate intake. “The important thing is full,” he said.
Low physical activity and less exercise increases the risk of heart disease. As recommended by the World Society of Sport, people aged 25-55 years are required to walk at least 10,000 steps per day or an average of 3.5 kilometers.
A healthy diet low in salt, sugar, and fat, said Santoso, should be applied since the child in the womb. Reducing salt during pregnancy may prevent preeclampsia and mothers of babies born with low weight. Babies like this has the potential of developing heart disease in adulthood.
Reducing sugar intake during pregnancy may reduce the risk of babies born with excess weight and later risk of developing diabetes.